Burundi is sub-divided into 17 provinces and 129 communes. The administrative provinces are each named according to their respective capitals and include the following communes:

Province Population Communes
Bujumbura Mairie 497166 Buterere, Buyenzi, Bwiza, Cibitoke, Gihosha, Kamenge, Kanyosha, Kinama, Kinindo, Musaga, Ngagara, Nyakabiga, Rohero
Bujumbura Rural 555933 Isale, Kabezi, Kanyosha, Mubimbi, Mugongo-Manga, Muhuta, Mukiki, Bugarama, Mutambu, Mutimbuzi, Nyabiraba
Bubanza 338023 Bubanza, Gihanga, Mpanda, Musigati, Rugazi
Bururi 574013 Burambi, Bururi, Buyengero. Matana, Mugamba, Rumonge, Rutovu, Songa, Vyanda
Cibitoke 460435 Buganda, Bukinanyana, Mabayi, Mugina, Murwi, Rugombo
Cankuzo 228873 Cankuzo, Cendajuru, Gisagara, Kigamba, Mishiha
Gitega 725223 Bugendana, Bukirasazi, Buraza, Giheta, Gishubi, Nyarusange, Gitega, Itaba, Makebuko, Mutaho, Ryansoro
Kayanza 585412 Butaganzwa, Gahombo, Gatara, Kabarore, Kayanza, Matongo, Muhanga, Muruta, Rango
Karuzi 436443 Bugenyuzi, Buhiga (Buhuga), Gihogazi, Gitaramuka, Mutumba, Nyabikere, Shombo
Kirundo 628256 Bugabira, Busoni, Bwambarangwe, Gitobe, Kirundo, Ntega, Vumbi
Muyinga 632409 Buhinyuza, Butihinda, Gashoho, Gasorwe, Giteranyi, Muyinga, Mwakiro
Makamba 430899 Kayogoro, Kibago, Mabanda, Makamba, Nyanza-Lac, Vugizo
Mwaro 273143 Bisoro, Gisozi, Kayokwe, Ndava, Nyabihanga, Rusaka
Muramvya 292589 Bukeye, Kiganda, Mbuye, Muramvya, Rutegama
Ngozi 660717 Busiga, Gashikanwa, Kiremba, Marangara, Mwumba, Ngozi, Nyamurenza, Ruhororo, Tangara
Rutana 333510 Bukemba, Giharo, Gitanga, Mpinga (-Kayove), Musongati, Rutana
Ruyigi 400530 Butaganzwa, Butezi, Bweru, Gisuru, Kinyinya, Nyabitsinda, Ryigi