The Republic of Burundi is located in the Great Lakes region of East-Central Africa and shares borders with Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Tanzania. It covers an area of 10,745 square miles and is one of the smallest countries in Africa, with a population exceeding only 10 million (approximately half of whom are aged 14 or less). The majority of Burundians live in rural areas. Bujumbura is the capital and main port of Burundi. As of August 2020, the President is Evariste Ndayishimiye.
Burundi claimed independence from Belgium on July 1, 1962, and the name of the country was legally changed from Ruanda-Urundi to Burundi. On September 18 of the same year, the state also joined the United Nations.
The country is divided into 18 provinces. The major ones include, Bujumbura, Gitega, Ngozi and Rumonge. The political system of Burundi is that of a presidential representative democratic republic, based upon a multi-party state. There are currently 43 registered parties in the country. The President of Burundi is both the head of state and head of government.
Given Burundi’s equatorial climate and large pastures of land, it’s largest industry is by far agriculture, which contributed to 58% of the country’s GDP in 2007. About 90% of the population is dependent on subsistence farming. Coffee, tea and sugar are the largest sources of revenue, but other agricultural products include cotton, maize, bananas, beef, milk and sweet potatoes.
The country has a range of natural resources including uranium, nickel, cobalt, copper and platinum. Besides agriculture, other industries include public works construction, food processing, and light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes and soap. The Burundian Franc (BIF) is the country’s currency.
Burundi’s culture consists a mixture of local traditions and customs adopted from neighboring countries. Drumming is an important element of the Burundian cultural heritage, and is often accompanied with dance. Some famous Burundian dances include the drums , umutsibo, agasimbo, etc. Burundian artisans are also known for their intricate handmade crafts such as baskets, masks, statues, and pottery.
The two most popular sports in the country are basketball and football. The official languages of Burundi are French and Kurundi, but Swahili is also widely spoken across the country. An estimated 75% of the country’s population is Christian, 20% subscribe to indigenous religious beliefs and the remaining 5% are Muslim. The largest holiday celebrated in the country is Christmas, but as of 2005, Eid ul-Fitr (an Islamic holiday) is also a public holiday.